Blog Author
Rafiki Pest Control LTD
  • June 6, 2024

Bed bugs are those tiny, elusive creatures that can turn peaceful nights into restless nightmares. At Rafiki Pest Control®, we understand the importance of staying informed about these pests to protect your home and ensure a good night's sleep. This comprehensive guide will explore everything you need to know about bed bugs, from their types and how they're contracted to effective eradication methods.

Types of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs belong to the family Cimicidae, and while there are multiple species, the most common one that infests human dwellings is Cimex lectularius. Another species, Cimex hemipterus, is also known to infest human habitats but is less common. Both species share similar habits and characteristics.

How Bed Bugs Are Contracted

Understanding how bed bugs are contracted is crucial in preventing infestations. Bed bugs are known for their hitchhiking abilities. They can quickly move from one place to another by attaching themselves to objects or people. Here's how they're commonly contracted:

  1. Travel: Bed bugs are notorious stowaways. They often hide in luggage, clothing, or personal items and travel with people from infested locations to new destinations.
  2. Used Furniture: Buying furniture, especially mattresses, sofas, or chairs, without proper inspection can introduce bed bugs into your home. These pests often hide in the seams and crevices of furniture.
  3. Guests: Having guests over who unknowingly carry bed bugs can lead to an infestation. Bed bugs can hide in their luggage or personal belongings.
  4. Neighbouring Infestations: If your neighbours have bed bugs, they will likely migrate to your home through cracks or shared spaces, especially in apartments or multi-unit housing.

Identifying Bed Bugs

Identifying bed bugs is essential for early detection and prevention. Here are some key characteristics to help you recognize these pests:

  • Size: Adult bed bugs are about 4-5 mm long, roughly the size of an apple seed. They are flat and oval-shaped.
  • Colour: Bed bugs are typically reddish-brown, but their colour may vary depending on when they last fed. After a blood meal, they become redder and more elongated.
  • Behaviour: Bed bugs are nocturnal insects, which means they are most active at night. They feed on the blood of humans and animals while they sleep.
  • Bites: Bed bug bites often appear as small, itchy, red welts on the skin. However, not everyone reacts to bed bug bites, so bites alone may not be a reliable indicator.
  • Hiding Spots: During the day, bed bugs hide in cracks, crevices, and seams of mattresses, furniture, and walls. Look for tiny white eggs, shed skins, and small reddish-brown faecal spots in these areas.

Eradicating Bed Bugs

Swift action is essential if you discover a bed bug infestation in your home. Here are steps you can take to eradicate bed bugs effectively:

  1. Thorough Cleaning: Start by decluttering and vacuuming the infested areas, including cracks and crevices. Dispose of the vacuum bag in a sealed plastic bag immediately.
  2. Laundering: Wash infested bedding, clothing, and linens in hot water (at least 140°F or 60°C) and dry them on high heat for at least 30 minutes.
  3. Encasements: Invest in mattress and box spring encasements designed to trap bed bugs and prevent them from escaping or feeding.
  4. Non-Chemical Methods: While waiting for professional pest control services, consider non-chemical methods such as heat treatment. Bed bugs are sensitive to heat, and exposing infested items to temperatures above 120°F (49°C) can kill them.
  5. Professional Pest Control: For severe infestations or guaranteed elimination, hire a professional pest control service like Rafiki Pest Control®. Professionals have the expertise, tools, and chemicals to eradicate bed bugs.

Why Choose Rafiki Pest Control® for Pest Control

An exemplary pest control service is essential, especially for stubborn pests like bed bugs. Here's why Rafiki Pest Control® stands out:

  • Expertise: Our team consists of experienced pest control experts who are well-versed in the behaviour and biology of bed bugs. We know how to locate and eliminate infestations effectively.
  • Proven Methods: We use industry-approved methods and chemicals to completely eradicate bed bugs while prioritizing safety for you and your family.
  • Custom Solutions: We understand that every infestation is unique. Our approach is tailored to your situation, ensuring the most effective treatment.
  • Preventative Measures: We eliminate existing infestations and guide preventive measures to avoid future bed bug problems.
  • Customer Satisfaction: Our goal is your satisfaction. We work diligently to ensure your home is pest-free, providing peace of mind and a good night's sleep.


Bed bugs are stealthy pests that can disrupt your peace and comfort. Identifying, preventing, and eradicating bed bugs is essential for a pest-free home. While non-chemical methods can provide temporary relief, professional pest control services like Rafiki Pest Control® offer the expertise and guaranteed solutions to ensure your home remains bed bug-free. Don't let these tiny invaders take your rest; contact us today for effective pest control services and a bed bug-free environment.

Don't Let Pests Bite

Let's Help You

Get a Customised Offer
  • Laptop
  • Bill
Contact Information

Duruma Rd, Down Town Towers. 8th Floor
Nairobi 100, Kenya

Call Now. +254717819204